With the emergence of the Internet and mobile technologies, individuals are connected to one another at any point and time. The Internet creates a network society that is made up of multiple points that are tied together. Today, individuals are connected to the Internet just by the smart phone in their pocket. “Castell argues that the ‘network’ becomes the primary relationship in the information age” (Miller, 60). Individuals can share ideas and information instantly. “In this respect, if one is ‘inside’ the network, space and time cease to become relevant, as communication or ‘flows’ have no distance and take no time (Miller, 60).”  Castell’s theory of a network society includes space of flows in which all individuals connected on mobile devices are apart of.

The theory of space of flows is made up of various elements. The first element is the communication infrastructure that is made up of electronic spaces. Second, the interaction of the network that includes the groups of people that operates within the network. Finally, nodes and hubs, that is connecting points in which information is transferred.

The theory of space and flows directly correlates with the idea of timeless time. Now that individuals are connected through their mobile devices information and media can be viewed and shared at anytime. Therefore, time and space cease to exist. Timeless time refers to context not being confined to certain time (Miller, 62)
As mobile users we are directly affected by the elements of space of flow and timeless time. The communication infrastructure has greatly expanded with the introduction of smart phones and tablets. Individuals are connected through many parts of the Internet including social media sites, electronic mail, and interconnected links. People are able to interact with one another instantly at any time. This is best seen through social media sites such as Facebook and Twitter. Twitter is real time conversation in which you can connect and contact and individual by sending them a “tweet.” Individuals with Internet access on their mobile device can view the “tweet” and respond instantly. Mobile phones with Internet access now become the nodes and hubs described in the theory space of flows. Individuals no longer need to be at a stand-alone computer.
In conclusion, mobile devices now allow for interconnectivity of individuals at anytime. Context is not confined to a certain time. Individuals now become nodes and hubs that transfer information right from their pocket. All those communicating from their phones directly influence the theory of space of flows.


Miller, Vincent. (2011). Understanding Digital Culture. London, England: SAGE Publications.